What is the Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) vaccine?
The MMR vaccine is a combination vaccine that protects against three diseases: measles, mumps, and rubella. Combination vaccines contain two or more vaccines that are administered together.
This way, you get protection against multiple diseases.
How many doses should you get and when should you get them?
The MMR vaccine is a 2 dose vaccine. Protection from measles, mumps and rubella after getting the both doses is life-long and doesn’t require any additional doses!
12 months old
4 - 6 years of age
(when starting school)
Why should your child get the MMR vaccine?
Protect your child's brain development.
Measles, mumps, and rubella can cause deafness, encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and meningitis.
Protect your child’s lungs.
Measles can cause pneumonia
and respiratory failure in severe cases.
Protect your child’s future fertility.
Mumps can cause subfertility and infertility and rubella can cause severe birth defects if caught during pregnancy.
What should you do if your child has missed an MMR vaccination?
Talk to your healthcare provider to get your child vaccinated for measles, mumps, and rubella.
Or check your local public health unit website to see if they have a catch-up clinic available.
How can I check whether my child has
received their MMR vaccine?
Check whether your child is up to date on their vaccinations.
This can be done in 4 ways:
Check your child’s yellow immunization card.
Talk to your
How well does the MMR vaccine protect against measles, mumps, and rubella?
Measles vaccination effectiveness after one dose is estimated to be 85 - 95%; and 97% after two doses.
Mumps vaccination effectiveness after one dose is estimated to be between 62 - 91%; and between 76 - 95% after two doses.
Rubella vaccination effectiveness is at least 95%.
Is the MMR vaccine safe?
The MMR vaccine is safe and effective. Most children will have no reaction. The vaccine can cause a fever and a rash in 5% of children after immunization. Allergic reactions to the MMR vaccine are very rare. There is no evidence that the MMR vaccine causes autism.
Who shouldn’t get the MMR vaccine?
A doctor may recommend not getting the MMR vaccine to those who:
Have had a severe allergic reaction after receiving a previous dose of this vaccine or any contents of the vaccine
Have a congenital or acquired immunodeficiency disorder (such as HIV, stem cell transplant)
Are being treated with drugs that affect the immune system, such as steroids
Have any kind of cancer or are being treated for cancer